click on a picture to receive more information
The steophor kneeling statue holds a stele, a tablet inscribed with a prayer in hieroglyphic script usually a hymn to the sun-god, in front of him. As kneeling naophorous statue, he holds a shrine in which is displayed the worshipped deity. As offering figure he holds receptacles or an offering plate.Erected in the temple courtyards, the statues are used by their owners to list their exceptional works in biographical accounts. This self-portrayal on statues on public display grew enormously popular in the Late Period from the 7th century BC.
Stelophor des Sa-Iset
Dynasty 18, 1550- 1292 BC
30 x 14,5 x 17,5 cm
The scribe sits cross-legged on the floor with his papyrus scroll open on his lap. He is one of the elite members of ancient Egyptian society. Historic figures who have made a name for themselves through their cultural achievements as poets, architects and artists are still venerated centuries on in the form of scribe statues which are publicly displayed on temple gates. This is also borne out by the portrayal of the signs of age in the corpulence of the upper body - a clear contrast to the otherwise prevailing ideal of eternal youth.
The Scribe Dersenedj
Old Kingdom, Dynasty 5, ca. 2400 BC
Height 68 cm
The scribe of the granaries Dersenedj is seated, cross-legged, on the floor with an unrolled papyrus on his lap. His right hand is holding an imaginary reed pen. This statue type - the scribe - is known since ca. 2600 B.C. and represents an official of the Egyptian state with the ability to read and write.
Characteristic for the Old Kingdom is the muscular compressed body, the roundish face without wrinkles and the striated wig. This statue which was created for the grave of Dersenedj is not a portrait but instead presents an ideal 'type' which will continue to live in the netherworld.
The block statue makes its first appearance as a genre in the early Middle Kingdom around 1950 BC. Crouching on the floor with knees drawn tightly inwards, the figure is secreted in a cube, often with feet and hands protruding. Rising from the cube shape, the head takes on added animation and vitality in contrast to the closed block. The flat surfaces of the cube lend themselves to biographical inscriptions. Like the kneeling figure, the block statue is a form of statue which is intended for public spaces. The significance of this form of statue is not entirely clear.
Dynasty 18, ca. 1460 BC
H. 100, W. 59, T. 77,5 cm